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[76] Anadarko yielded its 25% stake in Mississippi Canyon Block 252 (Macondo) to BP in the agreement and BP will indemnify Anadarko for damage claims arising under the U.S. Oil Pollution Act, among other costs. Fail-safe on seabed wellhead was unable to close. "[43] On April 23 a ROV reportedly found no oil leaking from the sunken rig and no oil flowing from the well. Want to share IMDb's rating on your own site? Some analysts had thought BP would realize a larger settlement from MOEX but there was also relief to have a first step toward resolving the multiple claims. United States Environmental Protection Agency. [25], Preliminary findings from BP's internal investigation indicated several serious warning signs in the hours prior to the blowout. Carl George said he awoke to an explosion just feet from his house at … "There was not a culture of safety on that rig," co-chair Bill Reilly said. There was no cementing evaluation log at Macondo, which may have shown it to be inadequate. [25] On March 10, a BP executive e-mailed the Minerals Management Service about a stuck pipe and well control situation at the drilling site, and stated that BP would have to plugback the well. 2. Club In the 3 years 2005 to 2007, Transocean was the owner of 30% of oil rigs active in the Gulf, and 33% of incidents that triggered a Minerals Management Service (MMS) investigation were on Transocean rigs. Weatherford's Auto-Fill float collar, which includes two flapper-type check valves, was installed at Macondo 180 ft above the reamer shoe at casing bottom. [25], An April draft of a BP memo warned that the cementing of the casing was unlikely to be successful. Oil Rig Blast", "Search Ends for Missing Oil Rig Workers", "Rig survivors felt coerced to sign waivers", "Transocean denies forcing crew to sign waivers", "Transocean Ltd. Reports Fire on Semisubmersible Drilling Rig Deepwater Horizon", "The Ongoing Administration-Wide Response to the Deepwater BP Oil Spill", "Coast guard calls off search for oil rig workers", "11 missing in oil rig blast may not have escaped", "Memorial service honors 11 dead oil rig workers", "Coast Guard: Oil rig that exploded has sunk", "Oil spill not growing, search for 11 continues", "Coast Guard: No oil leaking from sunken rig", "Oil drilling accidents prompting new safety rules", "Oil rig wreck leaks into Gulf of Mexico", http://www.glossary.oilfield.slb.com/Terms/c/casing_centralizer.aspx, "Oil spill: BP 'did not sacrifice safety to save money, "Gulf oil spill: President's panel says firms complacent", "Deepwater Horizon modelling software showed BP cement conditions unstable", "Various Decisions That May Have Increased Risk", "BP ignored safety software advice, investigators find: Secret presentation slide emerges showing decisions taken", "BP £24bn lawsuits claim contractors failed to use modelling software properly", "BP settles with Mitsui arm over Macondo spill", "BP, Weatherford In Settlement on Deepwater Horizon", "Anadarko and BP settle Deepwater Horizon dispute", "Halliburton to pay around $1.1 bn for US oil spill claims", "BP found "grossly negligent' in Gulf of Mexico oil spill", "Disaster's Toll on the Gulf and Its People", "The Great Invisible (Post-Screening Discussion)", "The Great Invisible | Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill | Independent Lens | PBS", "Vanishing Pearls: The Oystermen of Pointe a la Hache (2014) - IMDb", "Vanishing Pearls: The Oystermen of Pointe a la Hache Official Trailer 1 (2014) HD", "Slamdance Film Review: 'Vanishing Pearls: The Oystermen of Pointe a la Hache, "Review: 'Vanishing Pearls' shows fallout after Gulf disasters", "Pretty Slick: The BP Deepwater Horizon Exposed - Updated and Expanded Directors Cut", "Focus on Nature: Film Series (PLV) | Current Students | October 15, 2015 | PACE UNIVERSITY", "New Film Focuses on the Demise of Louisiana's Coast", "After the Spill: Louisiana Water Stories, Part II", Journey to Planet Earth: Dispatches from the Gulf 1 (of 3), "Dispatches from the Gulf - Screenscope - Journey to Planet Earth", "Meet David Murphy: The Next Generation of Scientists (Gulf Dispatches)", "Dispatches from the Gulf: A New Documentary", "The Movie BP (Probably) Doesn't Want You To See", "Nicolas Cage Gets Serious About the BP Oil Spill In The Runner Trailer", "Black Water (BP Version) - Gulf Oil Spill Doobie Brothers Parody", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Response Management Application (ERMA) Gomex site, "Deepwater Horizon Joint Investigation Team Report", The U.S. Chemical Safety Board’s Investigation into the Macondo Disaster Finds Offshore Risk Management and Regulatory Oversight still Inadequate in Gulf of Mexico, Hornbeck Offshore Services LLC v. Salazar, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deepwater_Horizon_explosion&oldid=990893787, Oil platform disasters in the United States, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Pages using infobox event with blank parameters, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from July 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This article is part of a series about the, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 03:25. The CEO and the chief legal counsel of the oil company assure the SecNav and Gibbs of their utmost cooperation. Place a pipette in each colored glass of water. [46][47] Lifeboats took 94 workers to the Tidewater-owned supply boat Damon Bankston, with no major injuries, four were transported to another vessel, and 17 were evacuated by helicopter to trauma centers in Mobile, Alabama and Marrero, Louisiana. [24] The rig's mechanic stated that the well had been experiencing problems for months, and that the drill repeatedly kicked due to resistance from high gas pressure. Millions will go without drinking water if decaying oil tanker explodes ‘No one knows the full potential of the spill, if it happens it would set a precedent in the region. US$145.93 billion. The rig owner, Transocean, had a "strong overall" safety record with no major incidents for 7 years. An explosion went off in the cooling tower before the fire broke out at the major oil refinery. The explosion caused serious injuries to threecrewmembers and damage to the thermal oil heater cover and its surrounding equipment andfittings. Among the offshore accidents in recent history, the Deepwater Horizon explosion, and the subsequent oil spill, is considered to be the largest oil spill in history, as well as one of the most tragic.Eleven people lost their lives and another seventeen were injured out of … When you add the food coloring to the oil it will not mix. [14], In February 2009, BP filed a 52-page exploration and environmental impact plan for the Macondo well with the Minerals Management Service (MMS), an arm of the United States Department of the Interior that oversees offshore drilling. Cementing inadequate. [15] In the event an accident did take place, the plan stated that due to the well being 48 miles (77 km) from shore and the response capabilities that would be implemented, no significant adverse impacts would be expected. The 18,300-foot, 400-ton casing string had a 5,800-foot lower portion with a 7-inch diameter. Most of the hole over this portion of casing had a 9.875 inch diameter. Some evidence suggests that personnel on the Deepwater Horizon mistakenly believed that the high pressure needed to establish mud circulation had converted the float collar. [41], The explosion was followed by a fire that engulfed the platform. From Die Hard to The Muppet Christmas Carol, these festive movies and holiday TV episodes are guaranteed to boost your holiday spirit. Meanwhile Halloween pranks abound, eventually tripping even Tony. Deepwater Horizon Explosion. The survey found that "many workers entered fake data to try to circumvent the system. Great video footage that you won't find anywhere else. The $560 million platform was built by Hyundai Heavy Industries in South Korea and completed in 2001. [10] The platform commenced drilling in February 2010 at a water depth of approximately 5,000 feet (1,500 m). [19] In 2003, the agency determined that the device would not be required because drilling rigs had other back-up systems to cut off a well. It did have a dead man's switch designed to automatically cut the pipe and seal the well if communication from the platform is lost, but it was unknown whether the switch was activated. Rising oil and gas not monitored. While displacing the mud with seawater, reservoir fluids rising up the casing should have been detected by water inflow and mud outflow monitoring before arrival of hydrocarbons at the rig floor, but no reasonably accurate outflow versus inflow observations were made. Meanwhile Halloween pranks abound, eventually tripping even Tony. 3. 6. Oil and water do not mix. oil rig explosion", "Rig Owner Had Rising Tally of Accidents", "Document: BP didn't plan for major oil spill", "U.S. exempted BP's Gulf of Mexico drilling from environmental impact study", "RPT-BP's US Gulf project exempted from enviro analysis", "Feds let BP avoid filing blowout plan for Gulf rig", "Leaking Oil Well Lacked Safeguard Device", "Warnings on Backup Systems for Oil Rigs Sounded 10 Years Ago", "Rig had history of spills, fires before big 1", "Hearings: Rig's blowout preventer last inspected in 2005", "Documents Show Early Worries About Safety of Rig", "Rig survivors: BP ordered shortcut on day of blast", "BP Cited 'Well Control Situation' Six Weeks Before Blowout", "Workers on Doomed Rig Voiced Concern About Safety", "Gulf Of Mexico Oil Disaster: Transocean Reports Highlight Workers' Concerns Over Deepwater Horizon | Business | Sky News", "Blowout: The Deepwater Horizon Disaster", "At least 11 missing after blast on oil rig in Gulf", "Nitrogen-Cement Mix Is Focus of Gulf Inquiry", "Hearings: Rig master recounts explosion and abandoning ship", "Panel Suggests Signs of Trouble Before Rig Explosion", "Committee Releases Details of BP's Internal Incident Investigation", United States House Committee on Energy and Commerce, "BP engineer called doomed rig a 'nightmare well, "Transocean Deepwater Horizon Explosion-A Discussion of What Actually Happened? He described BP's actions as "reckless," while he said Transocean's and Halliburton's actions were "negligent." [59] Coast Guard Rear Admiral Mary Landry expressed cautious optimism of zero environmental impact, stating that no oil was emanating from either the wellhead or the broken pipes and that oil spilled from the explosion and sinking was being contained. [43], On September 8, BP published a report that suggested that the ignition source was the released gas entering the air intakes of the diesel generators, and engulfing the deck area where the exhaust outlets for the main generators were emitting hot exhaust gas. [14] According to the Wall Street Journal online: In 2008 and 2009, the surveys ranked Transocean last among deep-water drillers for "job quality" and second to last in 'overall satisfaction'. [11] At the time of the explosion the rig was drilling an exploratory well. [25] At the time, 126 crew were on board: 7 employees of BP, 79 of Transocean, and employees of other companies, including Anadarko Petroleum, Halliburton and M-I Swaco. Deepwater Horizon oil spill, largest marine oil spill in history, caused by an April 20, 2010, explosion on the Deepwater Horizon oil rig—located in the Gulf of Mexico, approximately 41 miles (66 km) off the coast of Louisiana—and its subsequent sinking on April 22. [31][48][49], The Coast Guard interviewed the uninjured workers on the Damon Bankston for several hours and then transferred them to another rig; the workers arrived in Port Fourchon, Louisiana, more than 24 hours later. [60][61][62][63] On April 24 Landry announced that a damaged wellhead was indeed leaking oil into the Gulf and described it as "a very serious spill".[64]. After burning for more than a day, Deepwater Horizon sank on April 22. Title: Here are some of our picks to get you in the spirit. Also the Department of Justice was still at the time investigating whether BP was "grossly negligent" in the spill. Oil tanker tanker explosion injures 18 and sends fireball into air above South Korean port. [27] The survey raised concerns "about poor equipment reliability, which they believed was a result of drilling priorities taking precedence over maintenance." It was owned by Transocean, operated under the Marshalese flag of convenience, and was under lease to BP until September 2013. The steam expands violently, creating the apparent explosion. There were few indications of any trouble with the Deepwater Horizon before the explosion. It is not yet known what the cause of the fire was, authorities said. [29][30] According to Transocean, workers had been performing standard routines and had no indication of any problems prior to the explosion. [24] The heavy drilling mud in the pipes initially held down the gas. Tony and McGeek trace one lead, which appears to reach a dead end, but which leaves egg on McGoo's face; Gibbs and the other Abby suspect that the target was not the platform but rather the dead victim. Written by [11] Production casing was being run and cemented at the time of the accident. [33] A House Energy and Commerce Committee statement in June 2010 noted that in a number of cases leading up to the explosion, BP appears to have chosen riskier procedures to save time or money, sometimes against the advice of its staff or contractors. The valves are held open by a 2-inch diameter auto-fill tube to allow the casing to fill with mud while it is lowered down the well. Regulators in both Norway and Brazil generally require acoustically activated triggers on all offshore platforms, but when the Minerals Management Service considered requiring the remote device, a report commissioned by the agency as well as drilling companies questioned its cost and effectiveness. [35] A BP official on board the rig directed the crew to replace the drilling mud with lighter seawater even though the rig's chief driller protested. He apportioned 67% of the blame for the spill to BP, 30% to Transocean, and 3% to Halliburton. [53][54] The two cutters continued searching through the night and by the morning of April 22, the Coast Guard had surveyed nearly 1,940 square miles (5,000 km2). The report says BP employees and those of Transocean did not correctly interpret a pressure test, and both companies neglected ominous signs such as a riser pipe losing fluid. Fischer DS21 is explosion proof hazardous area approved for Zone 1, 2 (gas explosion) and zone 22 (dry dust explosion) highly rugged, industrial differential pressure switch, specifically designed for flow monitoring and control of thermal oil and hot water. [67] However, the panel said a day later that there had been "a rush to completion" on the well, criticizing poor management decisions. It was owned by Transocean, operated under the Marshalese flag of convenience, and was under lease to BP until September 2013. [2][3][4], The $560 million platform was built by Hyundai Heavy Industries in South Korea and completed in 2001. Then stir to combine. [31], By April 20, the operation was running five weeks late. Browse Oil in Water Alarm - Explosion Proof in the Inventive Systems, Inc. catalog including Item #,Item Name,Classification,Operating Fluid Temperature,Power,Alarm Output,Alarm,Other Outputs,Pressure Under the Clean Water Act fines can be based on a cost per barrel of up to $4,300, at the discretion of the judge. The number of barrels was in dispute at the conclusion of the trial with BP arguing 2.5 million barrels were spilled over the 87 days the spill lasted, while the court found that 4.2 million barrels were spilled. [6] At the time of the explosion, the Deepwater Horizon was on Mississippi Canyon Block 252, referred to as the Macondo Prospect, in the United States sector of the Gulf of Mexico, about 41 miles (66 km) off the Louisiana coast. Once the cementing was complete, it was due to be tested for integrity and a cement plug set to temporarily abandon the well.[13]. The rig won an award from the MMS for its 2008 safety record, and on the day of the disaster, BP and Transocean managers were on board to celebrate seven years without a lost-time accident. "BP still has not reached a settlement with Transocean ... nor Halliburton ... A trial date over lawsuits related to the accident awaits BP in February (2013)", the update continued. It also decided not to rerun the software when it stuck with only six centralizers, and ignored or misread warnings from other key tests, the panel revealed. Kids will love the explosion of color once the food coloring makes it through the oil. Hot oil is hotter than steam. The explosion comes after a cruise missile fired by Yemen’s Houthi rebels struck an oil facility early Monday in Jiddah, Saudi Arabia. It's been 100 days since the Deepwater Horizon drilling rig caught fire. The CEO and the chief legal counsel of the oil company assure the SecNav and Gibbs of their utmost cooperation. The CEO and the chief legal counsel of the oil company … Materials: Several drinking glasses, water, vegetable oil, liquid food coloring, a toothpick. This FAQ is empty. [citation needed], Transocean employees on the vessel stated that the electric lights flickered, followed by two strong vibrations. [68] One of the decisions that met with tough questions was that BP refuted the findings of advanced modelling software that had ascertained over three times as many centralizers were needed on the rig. [23], Internal BP documents show that BP engineers had concerns as early as 2009 that the metal casing that BP wanted to use might collapse under high pressure. Now let the kids have fun exploring oil and water! On September 8, 2010, BP released a 193-page report on its web site. Part of the modelling concern was about the number of stabilising devices, known as centralisers, the well required; 21 were called for, but only 6 were used. The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion was the April 20, 2010, explosion and subsequent fire on the Deepwater Horizon semi-submersible Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit (MODU), which was owned and operated by Transocean and drilling for BP in the Macondo Prospect oil field about 40 miles (64 km) southeast off the Louisiana coast. [25], In March 2010, the rig experienced problems that included drilling mud falling into the undersea oil formation, sudden gas releases, a pipe falling into the well, and at least three occasions of the blowout preventer leaking fluid. [81] [74], In June 2011, supplier Weatherford International settled with BP for $75 million. [40] The United States Coast Guard immediately launched a rescue operation involving two Coast Guard cutters, four helicopters, and a rescue plane. On April 21, 2011, BP filed $40 billion worth of lawsuits against rig owner Transocean, cementer Halliburton and blowout-preventer manufacturer Cameron. BP also said the crew should have redirected the flow of flammable gases. The slick appears as a silvery-gray patch in the center of the image. The New York Times newspaper has published a screenshot of the slide here.[70][71]. Such a determination could lead to a "much larger liability under the Clean Water Act," a financial analyst said. [15] The Department of the Interior exempted BP's Gulf of Mexico drilling operation from a detailed environmental impact study after concluding that a massive oil spill was unlikely.

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